Platelet-enriched plasma is usually abbreviated as PRP. PRP is a treatment option that accelerates the recovery process in prolonged musculoskeletal problems and reduces pain. After separating the thrombocyte cells in the blood taken from the patient by a special process, it is injected into the problematic body part of the patient.
Platelets, which make up 1% of human blood, are better known for their coagulating functions. Platelets are also a very important element in wound healing. Platelets contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors, which are very important in wound healing. PRP is a plasma with a much higher rate of platelets than the number of platelets usually found in the blood. In PRP, the concentration of growth factors is 5-10 times higher than normal due to the intense thrombocyte content.
Today, PRP applications are used in many sports to shorten the time to return to sports life and to relieve pain. PRP is an effective additional treatment option in reducing pain and returning to activities in many diseases such as arthritis, tendinitis, ligament tears and strains, calcifications.
PRP treatment supports the body’s natural healing process and offers patients a long-term permanent solution. PRP is not a treatment method for which effects reduce over time.
How is PRP Treatment Administered?
When preparing PRP, blood is taken from the patient at first, centrifugation is performed in special tubes to separate the platelets from the blood taken, and the plasma with high platelet content required for PRP is obtained by this way.
The benefit of PRP is not expected to emerge in a very short time. In most patients, improvement (reduction in pain or increase in function) begins within 4-6 weeks. This period is depending on the location of the damaged area and the extent of the damage. It is recommended to continue regular physical therapy in the weeks following the injection and to avoid excessive physical activity and overloading the injection site. This will allow the tissues to recover better.
Since PRP is an application made with the person’s own blood, it is a generally safe application free from the risk of allergic reactions. However, since there is a needle penetration into the body, general risks such as infection, bleeding, and nerve damage in every application involving injection can also occur due to this application. These situations are observed rarely. There may be risks associated with the condition being treated. These risks are determined after an examination. PRP is not generally seen as a first-line treatment, it is added to the treatment plan when general medical methods fail.